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Breathe Easier: Understanding the Risks of Indoor Mold Exposure

By Dr Theron Hutton MD





Exposure to mold can cause a range of health problems, including respiratory problems, allergies, and asthma. In some cases, it can also cause more serious health problems, such as infections and organ damage. People with compromised immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or cancer, are at particular risk of infection from certain types of mold (Girard, et al., 2016).


While all types of mold have the potential to cause health problems, some species are more dangerous than others. Here are four common dangerous indoor mold species:

  1. Aspergillus: This is a type of mold that is commonly found in indoor environments, such as in damp basements or on wet clothing. Some species of Aspergillus produce toxins called mycotoxins, which can cause serious health problems if inhaled. People with compromised immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or cancer, are at particular risk of infection from Aspergillus.

  2. Stachybotrys chartarum (also known as black mold): This is a type of mold that is often associated with water damage and dampness. It is particularly dangerous because it produces toxins called mycotoxins, which can cause serious health problems if inhaled. Symptoms of black mold exposure can include respiratory problems, headaches, and allergic reactions.

  3. Cladosporium: This is a type of mold that is commonly found in indoor and outdoor environments. It can grow on a variety of surfaces, including wood, paper, and textiles. While it is not as toxic as some other mold species, it can still cause respiratory problems and allergic reactions in some people.

  4. Alternaria: This is a type of mold that is commonly found in indoor and outdoor environments. It can grow on a variety of surfaces, including walls, carpets, and textiles. It is a common cause of allergies and can trigger asthma attacks in people who are sensitive to it.

Mold can grow on a variety of surfaces in the home, including walls, ceilings, and carpets. It is often found in damp or humid areas, such as basements, bathrooms, and kitchens. To prevent mold growth, it is important to keep your home well-ventilated and to promptly address any leaks or water damage. Mold can cause serious health problems, especially if it is left unchecked.. If you suspect that you have a mold problem, it is best to consult with a professional mold remediation company to assess the situation and recommend a course of action.



References:


Girard, D., Therrien, J., & Gagné, D. (2016). Health risks associated with exposure to indoor moulds. Environmental Research Letters, 11(6), 064005.

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