Acne 101 (part 1)
A series of educational pieces on a whole person approach to Acne treatment.
Acne is a common skin condition that affects people of all ages although it is more common in the ages between 13 and 20. It is characterized by the appearance of pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads on the face, neck, back, and chest. Acne is caused by a combination of factors, including hormonal imbalances, genetics, and the overproduction of oil in the skin.
There are several treatments available for acne, including over-the-counter medications and prescription medications. Over-the-counter acne treatments include topical creams, gels, and lotions that contain active ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. These products work by killing the bacteria that cause acne and by exfoliating the skin to remove dead skin cells.
Prescription acne treatments are usually prescribed by a dermatologist and are typically more effective than over-the-counter treatments. These treatments may include topical medications, oral medications, or a combination of both. Topical prescription medications may contain higher concentrations of active ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide and retinoids. Oral medications may include antibiotics, which kill bacteria, and isotretinoin, which reduces the production of oil in the skin.
In addition to medication, there are several lifestyle changes that can help to improve acne. These include maintaining a healthy diet, avoiding harsh skin care products, and reducing stress. It is also important to keep the skin clean by washing it twice a day with a gentle cleanser and using non-comedogenic (non-pore-blocking) moisturizers.
Acne can be a frustrating and embarrassing condition, but with the right treatment, it can be effectively managed. If you are struggling with acne, it is important to speak with a dermatologist or healthcare provider for personalized treatment recommendations.